History of Jaipur
Jaipur the capital of the Indian state of Rajasthan was founded in the year 1727 by Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh II who ruled the state through 1699 – 1744. The king, with a vision of establishing a beautiful and cultural city, took keen interest in this particular part of Rajasthan, especially after innumerous battles with the Marathas. The capital was thereafter shifted from Amber Fort in the Aravalli Hills, which lied at a distance of 11 kilometers from Jaipur, owing to the growing population and dire scarcity of water. Jaipur is one of the first planned cities in the North India. Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh II had been particularly instrumental in developing some deep bonds with the Mughal, thereby ensuring that the new city is under no eminent threats. A Bengali Brahmin Scholar Vidyadhar Bhattacharya helped the king with the architecture and planning. It too closes to 4 year to complete the roads, major palaces and prime connecting junctions.
It is when the city had been painted in Pink, in order to welcome Prince of Wales, that Jaipur got its name ‘The Pink City’. Since then Jaipur has prospered in leaps and bounds, with its main industries based on metals and marbles. The city had hospitals, colleges and schools dedicatedly setup for female education. Later the Ramgarh Lake was built by Maharaja Ram Singh to supply water to the expanding city, which was gradually turning into a commercial hub, attracting businessmen from other adjoining cities. It’s only after the Indian independence that Jaipur merged with neighboring cities of Jodhpur, Jaisalmer and Bikaner to form the largest state of India with Jaipur as the capital. Today Jaipur is one of the most visited tourist spot in Asia owing to its rich history and marvelous monuments.